Tank Batteries Explained

December 10, 2018

Tank batteries involve the storage and processing tanks, flow lines and any other equipment necessary to operate oil and gas wells. Depending on your system, a battery may connect to one well or process several of them, and even that can change over time. The process of oil tank battery installation in Carlsbad, NM depends on the demands involved on your field. Here is what to know about tank batteries and their setup:

  • Production determines composition: Your battery is adjusted to current production. As that changes, you will need to update equipment to reflect it. Batteries may require hydraulic lifts or pressure systems to analyze flow. Some equipment may be rendered useless in the future and simply removed to make way for a simpler setup. Basically, each battery is a custom job that is based on current production, and that can change significantly in the future. There is never going to be a one-size-fits-all solution or a composition that lasts for the next three decades.
  • Vessel type is important: Depending on the vessels, you may need a circulation pump, dike or firewall. It often depends on whether the tank is used for storage or to help separate oil from water or gas. While circulation pumps are not always required, firewalls are needed safety precautions, since leaks may lead to hazards. The type of vessel and its required equipment determines how a battery must adjust to accommodate it.
  • Flow line composition: Lines can be steel or synthetic. Head lines flow to the tank battery, and when it receives fluid from several wells, another header needs to be added. All of this is necessary to control flow to the tank battery and prevent malfunctions that affect oil quality and flow. Like much of the other equipment, this may need adjustment as production changes.
  • Test results: The first oil drawn from a well after tank battery installation is considered a test run. Flow amount, line efficiency and tank size are all evaluated for their functionality. Depending on results, lines may be cased or perforated. Tests also include measuring pressure and checking valves. Once oil is collected, it is tested for water and any other contaminating minerals. These results determine whether the tank battery is set up correctly or if further adjustments are required.
  • Future results: Since the demands of a tank battery will change in the future, the only way to know when changes will be necessary is to record all results. When there is more water or sediment than oil, it is likely that well may need to be decommissioned. Likewise, if production increases, there may be a need for more tanks and pumps—and even a completely new tank battery. Once production gets to a point where there needs to be a new tank battery installation, you need to contact a reputable contractor to address that.

JB Electric LLC offers oil tank battery installation in Carlsbad, NM. If you require dependable oil field services, call us today to schedule a free quote. We look forward to assisting you!

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