Understanding the Basics of Pump Jacks

October 19, 2021

Pump jacks are integral to the oil industry. If you’re considering pump jack installation, it is crucial to understand how these machines work and why you would want to include them in your operations. Here’s what you need to know.

What is a pump jack?

A pump jack is a device that assists with the extraction of crude oil from an oil well.

How does a pump jack work?

Pump jacks create artificial lift to bring the crude oil to the surface. They feature a long beam that rises and falls in the oil well. A series of rods attached to the end of the beam dip in and out of the well as the beam moves. These rods are also connected to a sucker rod pump. As these components move, they work like a piston to increase pressure inside the well. This pressure (the artificial lift) brings the oil to the surface where it can be collected.

The movement of the beam is accomplished with a pulley system that is powered by an external source. Often, pump jack installation occurs in clusters. Several pump jacks are installed in a row and connected to a single power source.

Is a pump jack the same as an oil derrick?

No. They operate on similar principles, and the terms are often used interchangeably, but these are different machines. Their valves and operation differ slightly. They also produce different rates of extraction, with pump jacks typically pumping faster than oil derricks. Pump jacks also usually require more power for operation.

When is pump jack installation necessary?

If there is not enough pressure in the oil well to push the crude oil to the surface, pump jack installation is used to access the oil. The artificial lift generated by the pump jack allows the well to be a productive source of crude oil. At times, a well may not need pump jack installation when it is first accessed, but over time the pressure drops. Once the pressure is insufficient, a pump jack is installed to create the artificial lift necessary to access the oil.

What is a typical pumping rate for a pump jack?

Pump jacks usually pump about 20 times each minute. For large oil fields, it is common to install multiple pump jacks to achieve quicker, more efficient collection of the oil.

Who should I contact for pump jack installation?

For expert pump jack installation, look for a company that specializes in oil field services. Consult with a professional to determine whether pump jack installation or oil derrick installation would be better for your operations. These experts can also recommend how many pump jacks you should install.

Learn more

To learn more about pump jack installation, contact the team at JB Electric LLC. Family owned and operated, we take pride in delivering prompt and accurate oil field electrical services. We’ve been the area’s go-to source for oil field support since 2008. Reach us today at 575-725-5238 with any questions or to schedule your next service.

Categorised in:

JB Electric LLC